Introduction Content

January Meteor Showers

  Name Duration Peak Super-Peak Radiant Comments
    Date Average Date Rate Date Peak    
          
          
          
          
          
          
          
          
          

February Meteor Showers

  Name Duration Peak Super-Peak Radiant Comments
    Date Average Date Rate Date Peak    
          
          
          
          
          
          
          
          
          

March Meteor Showers

  Name Duration Peak Super-Peak Radiant Comments
    Date Average Date Rate Date Peak    
          
          
          
          
          
          
          
          
          

April Meteor Showers

  Name Duration Peak Super-Peak Radiant Comments
    Date Average Date Rate Date Peak    
 Kappa SerpentidsApr. 1 - 74-5/hr     Near Ophiuchus 
 Delta DraconidsFrom Mar 28-Apr 7 Apr. 7   Near Cepheus borderSlow meteors at about 5 per hour.
 Virginids 20/hr.Apr 10    Near Gamma in bowl of Virgo 
 April Fireballs Apr 15-30 Apr 15   Between The Water Jar and Scutum. Very erratic. Many bright bolides from Southeastern sky.
  Sigma Leonids 1-2/hrApr 17    Leo/Virgo border, actually has moved into Virgo in recent years. Weak shower
 Apil LyridsApr 16-2610 per/hrApr 21/22   Near Vega
18h 08m +32
Bright and long lasting meteors. From Comet Thatcher.
 Mu Virginids  7-10/hrApril 25   Near LibraMedium speed meteors.
 Alpha BootidsApr 14 to May 13 Apr 28   Near ArcturusSlow meteors with fine trails.
          
          

May Meteor Showers

  Name Duration Peak Super-Peak Radiant Comments
    Date Average Date Rate Date Peak    
 Phi BootidsApr. 16-May 12 May 1   Near Hercules 
 Alpha ScorpiidsApr 16-May 9 May 3   Near Antares
16h 32m -24
 
 Eta AquaridsApr 24-May 1010/hr N. Hemisphere
30/hr S. H.
May 5/6   Near Water Jar
22h 20m -01
Yellow with bright trails. Comet Halley debris. Best observed a couple of hours prior to the morning twilight…the final hour being the best.
          
          
          
          
          
          

June Meteor Showers

  Name Duration Peak Super-Peak Radiant Comments
    Date Average Date Rate Date Peak    
          
 ScorpiidsJune 520/hr    Near OphiuchusSome fireballs
 ArietidsJune 730/hr     Slow moving with some fireballs.
 OphiuchidsMay 19-July 26/hrJune 20   Near ScorpiusFast moving bolides are common.
 June LyridsJune 1615/hr    Near VegaAnother part of May Lyrid meteor stream,faint blue meteors.
 OphiuchidsMay 21-June 16Var. 8-20/hr, occasionally many more.June 10   Near Sagitarrius 
 June DraconidsJune 30Var.10-100/hr    Near handle of Big DipperPons-Winnecke Comet is parent.
          
          

July Meteor Showers

  Name Duration Peak Super-Peak Radiant Comments
    Date Average Date Rate Date Peak    
 Delta AquaridsJuly 28
Aug 6
20/hr
10/hr
July 14-August 18   Near Capricornus
22h36m -17
23h 04m +02
Double Peak, double radiant.
Slow (24 kps) with yellow trails.
 CapricornidsJuly 3010-35/hr    Near Aquarius
21h 00m -15
Tough to tell these from Delta Aquarids. With bolides.
          
          
          
          
          
          
          

August Meteor Showers

  Name Duration Peak Super-Peak Radiant Comments
    Date Average Date Rate Date Peak    
 PerseidsJul 25-Aug 21 60-80/hrAug 11/12  Near Double cluster
03h 04m +58
Yellow with trails and bolides. 37 mi/sec (59 km/s). Parent P/Swift-Tuttle orbits the Sun once every 130 years; last return 1992.
 Kappa CygnidsJul 26-Sep 112/hr
extremely variable
Aug 18   Near DenebWith many fireballs.
 AndromedidsAug 31 20/hr    Near Cassiopeia Occaisionally spectacular. Some red fireballs with trails. Biela's Comet parent.
          
          
          
          
          
          

September Meteor Showers

  Name Duration Peak Super-Peak Radiant Comments
    Date Average Date Rate Date Peak    
 Alpha AurigidsAug 25-Sept 6 10/hr
outbursts to 30/hr
Sept 1   Near CapellaFast with trails. Mag -4 to +4, average +0.5.
          
          
          
          
          
          
          
          

October Meteor Showers

  Name Duration Peak Super-Peak Radiant Comments
    Date Average Date Rate Date Peak    
 PiscidsOct 5-168/hrOct. 12/13   Near Aries
00h 36m +07
Velocity 28k/s
 October DraconidsOct 6-10 3/hr
outbursts 100/hr
Oct 9  When Giacobinni-Zinner near Earth.200/hr not uncommon duirn outburst, 1000/hr occasionally. Near HerculesSpectacular when comet Giacobinni-Zinner passes near Earth.
 OrionidsOct 20-22 20/hr N. Hemisphere
40/hr S.H.
Oct 15-29   Near Taurus
06h 24m +15
Fast (67 kps) often in colors with long trails. P/Halley parent?
 Southern TauridsSept 17-Nov 2710/hrOct 30-Nov 7   Near Pleaides
03h 28m +13
Debris from comet Encke, many fireballs. Very old meteor stream.
          
          
          
          
          

November Meteor Showers

  Name Duration Peak Super-Peak Radiant Comments
    Date Average Date Rate Date Peak    
 Northern TauridsOct 12-Dec 210/hrNov 4-7   Near Pleaides
03h 52m +22
Debris from comet Encke, many fireballs. Very old meteor stream.
 PegasidsOct 10 - late Nov10/hrNov 12    Near SquareUsed to be spectacular.
 LeonidsNov 17/18 12/hrNov 13-21 Every 33 years (next 2032)150,000+/hrNear Sickle
10h 08m +22
Most spectacular of modern showers -- 1966 saw 500,000 per hr or 140 per second. Fastest known at 71 kps. Comet P/Temple-Tuttle is parent.
          
          
          
          
          
          

December Meteor Showers

  Name Duration Peak Super-Peak Radiant Comments
    Date Average Date Rate Date Peak    
 MonoceridsNov 9-Dec 181-2/hr
view may require slight optical
Dec 11   Near Gemini 
 Sigma HydridsDec 4-155/hrDec 11   Near HeadFast.
 GeminidsDec 6-18 60-80/hrDec 13/14   Near Castor
07h 28m +32
Many bright, white but few trails. Icarus, the Earth-crossing astroid seems to be the parent.
 Leo Minorids Dec 14 10/hr     Somewhat faint. Discovered by amateurs in 1971.
 Delta Arietids Dec 8-Jan 21-2/hrDec 8    Must view in early evening, before radiant sets.
 UrsidsDec 17-25 10/hr
short outbursts to 100/hr
Dec 22/23   Little Dipper Bowl
14h 28m +78
Medium speed, many with bright trails. 8P/Tuttle parent.